Napak Tilas dengan Pesawat Tua Dakota

Pesawat Dakota Tua Lintasi 15 Negara dalam Penerbangan Bersejarah

Pesawat Dakota
Pesawat Dakota

SUARA mesin pesawat bermesin propeller ganda DC3 (Dakota-red) menderu – deru di landasan pacu Bandar Udara Adi Sucipto, pada hari Rabu sekitar pukul setengah dua siang. Pendaratan mulus tersebut, menandai kehadiran pesawat bernomor penerbangan N451ZS buatan tahun 1930-an dalam rangka misi napak tilas penerbangan yang dilakukan 76 tahun yang lalu oleh seorang pilot perempuan berkebangsaan Selandia Baru, bernama Jean Gardner Batten.

Tak lama setelah pesawat diparkir di Apron bandara sebelah timur, sembilan orang penumpang tampak keluar dari pesawat untuk kemudian bergegas memasuki bus yang sudah siap mengantarkan mereka ke hotel tempat mereka menginap. Sementara tiga orang awak pesawat lebih memilih untuk memeriksa setiap bagian pesawat untuk memastikan kondisinya. Mereka adalah pilot Christian Goezinne (Belanda), Co – Pilot Phillipe A Jay (Perancis) serta teknisi Paul Bazeley (Inggris).

Kala itu, sang pilot menuruni pesawat menuju baling – baling sebelah kiri. Ia kemudian memanjat dan melongok ke ruang di balik baling – baling tersebut. Mereka juga mengisi bahan bakar pesawat. Cukup lama proses pengisian bahan bakar tersebut lantaran dilakukan dengan cara menggunakan pompa manual yang dipindahkan dari tiga buah drum.

“Kami harus memastikan ketersediaan oli pelumas di mesin propeller pesawat,” jelas Christian, ketika ditemui di ruang pertemuan PT Angkasa Pura I.

Ia melanjutkan, pesawat tua seperti itu memang harus memeroleh perlakuan spesial. Lantaran semua bagian pesawat termasuk suku cadangnya masih menggunakan material orisinil sejak pesawat itu dibuat.

“Kami menggunakan sistem radio komunikasi yang benar – benar standar, begitu pula dengan sistem navigasinya, benar – benar jauh dari yang digunakan pesawat jaman sekarang. Demikian juga dengan sistem pengendali pesawat, semuanya full manual,” tambah Paul Bazeley sang teknisi. Meski begitu, terbukti, sejak pertama kali memulai perjalanannya pada 25 Oktober lalu dari Lydd, Inggris, pesawat ini tidak menemukan kendala baik itu ketika dalam penerbangan maupun setelah mereka mendarat di setiap bandara yang disinggahi.

Bahkan karena ketersediaan perangkat yang demikian sederhananya, mereka harus benar – benar memperhatikan lintasan udara di ketinggian 6500 kaki. Jika ada badai menghadang, maka mereka harus pintar memilih jalur memutar tanpa kehilangan rute aslinya. Pun demikian halnya dengan stamina serta kemampuan mereka untuk menjaga pandangan lintasan rute yang mereka tempuh.

Adapun DC3 atau yang dikenal sebagai Dakota, merupakan pesawat legendaris yang dibuat sejak sebelum hingga sesudah perang dunia kedua. Tercatat, ada 10655 unit pesawat DC3 yang diproduksi dalam kurun waktu tersebut. Pesawat Dakota yang mereka gunakan, banyak diantaranya yang dimanfaatkan sebagai pesawat untuk kepentingan militer, sedangkan yang lainnya ditujukan untuk penerbangan komersil.

Kini, setelah menjalani penerbangan selama 60 jam, mereka tiba di Bandara Adi Sucipto. Sebenarnya, bandara Adi Sucipto sendiri tidak termasuk dalam rute penerbangan yang ditempuh Jean Batten. Menurut Christian, mereka harus mendarat terlebih dahulu karena ketersediaan bahan bakar tidak memungkinkan mereka untuk menempuh perjalanan ke Kupang yang menjadi bandara tujuan setelah dari Singapura.

“Ya saya sangat menikmati perjalanan ini, Yogyakarta juga saya pikir tempat yang sangat indah, dan menarik untuk dikunjungi,” jelas pilot yang menjaga staminanya dengan cara merokok dan minum kopi ini.

Secara keseluruhan, rute yang mereka tempuh meliputi Lydd (Inggris), Marseille (Perancis), Brindisi (Itali), Larnaca (Cyprus), Amman (Jordania), Kuwait, Muscat (Oman), Karachi (Pakistan), Agra (India), Rangoon (Myanmar), Penang (Malaysia), Singapura, Yogyakarta (Indonesia), Kupang (Indonesia), Darwin (Australia) , Mount Isa (Australia), Longreach (Australia), Hervey Bay (Australia), Fraser Island (Australia), Norfolk Island (Australia) serta berakhir di Auckland (Selandia Baru). Dari rute tersebut, mereka diperkirakan tiba di Selandia Baru pada 14 November mendatang.

“Kami menempuh rute yang sama namun dengan jenis pesawat yang berbeda, kami menggunakan DC3 sedangkan Jean Batten dulu menggunakan pesawat kecil bermesin tunggal,” jelas pilot yang sudah berusia 63 tahun ini.

Sementara itu, ia menjelaskan bahwa rute tersebut, merupakan rute yang ditempuh Batten selama 11 hari 45 menit. Penerbangan tersebut telah menjadikannya sebagai orang pertama yang menempuh rute lintas benua. Perjalanan menuju Auckland ini pun sekaligus menorehkan rekor perjalanan yang tak pernah terpecahkan selama beberapa tahun kemudian.

Lantas siapakah Jean Gardner Batten?

Berikut paparan dari Wikipedia:

Jean Gardner Batten CBE OSC (15 September 1909 – 22 November 1982) was a New Zealand aviatrix. Born in Rotorua, she became the best-known New Zealander of the 1930s, internationally, by taking a number of record-breaking solo flights across the world. It was she who in 1936 made the first-ever solo flight from England to New Zealand.

Jean Batten was the daughter of a dental surgeon and a mother who became a strong supporter of her career as a pilot. In 1924 she was enrolled into a girls’ boarding college in Remuera in Auckland where she studied ballet and piano. Though she was a gifted pianist, at the age of 18 she wanted to become a pilot, inspired by the Australian Charles Kingsford Smith, who took her for a flight in his Southern Cross. In 1929 she moved to England with her mother to join the London Aeroplane Club. She took her first solo flight in 1930 and gained private and commercial licences by 1932, borrowing £500 from Fred Truman, a New Zealand pilot serving in the Royal Air Force, to fund the 100 hours flying time required. She left Truman and turned to Victor Dorée, who borrowed £400 from his mother to buy Batten a Gipsy Moth biplane.

Batten made two unsuccessful attempts to beat Amy Johnson’s time to Australia. In April 1933 she hit two sandstorms before the engine failed, and wrecked the aircraft crash-landing near Karachi. Returning to London she could not persuade Dorée to buy her another aircraft, so she turned to the Castrol oil company, who bought her a second-hand Gipsy Moth for £240. She made another attempt in April 1934, but ran out of fuel at night on the outskirts of Rome. Flying into a maze of radio masts, she crash landed and nearly severed her lip. The plane was repaired and she flew it back to London, where she borrowed the lower wings from the aircraft of her fiancé, stockbroker Edward Walter, for a third attempt.

In May 1934, Batten successfully flew solo from England to Australia in the Gipsy Moth. Her trip of 14 days and 22 hours beat the existing England-to-Australia record of English aviatrix Amy Johnson by over four days. For this achievement and for subsequent record-breaking flights, she was awarded the Harmon Trophy three times from 1935 to 1937. She also received an endorsement contract with Castrol oil. Batten’s book about her trip, Solo Flight, was published by Jackson and O’Sullivan Ltd in 1934. Batten took a boat to New Zealand with the Gipsy Moth (which could not have flown across the Tasman Sea) and made a six-week aerial tour there before returning to England.

Batten’s record-breaking Percival Gull Six named Jean on its engine cowling at a 1954 UK air show

After her first Australia flight Batten bought a Percival Gull Six monoplane, G-ADPR, which was named Jean. In 1935 she set a world record flying from England to Brazil in the Gull, for which she was presented the Order of the Southern Cross, the first person other than Royalty to be so honoured. In 1936 she set another world record with a solo flight from England to New Zealand. At her birthplace of Rotorua she was honored by local Māori, as she had been after the 1934 journey. She was given a chief’s feather cloak and given the title Hine-o-te-Rangi – “Daughter of the Skies”. Batten was created Commander of the British Empire (CBE) in 1936, and she was also given the Cross of Chevalier of the French Legion of Honour that year. Also in 1936, for the second successive year, Batten was again awarded the Royal Aero Club’s Britannia Trophy for most meritorious performance in aviation during the previous year.

In 1938, she was the first woman to be awarded the medal of the Fédération Aéronautique Internationale, aviation’s highest honour. Throughout the 1930s she was very social and made many friends with other aviators internationally, as she described in her autobiography.

World War II ended Batten’s flying adventures. Her Gull was commissioned to active service but Batten was not permitted to fly it. During the war she was involved in campaigns giving lectures in England to raise money for guns and aeroplanes, but her flying days were over. After the war she retired from public life except for a few anniversary appearances.

Batten became a recluse and lived in several places around the world with her mother until her mother’s death in 1965. In 1977 she was guest of honour at the opening of the Aviation Pioneers Pavilion at Auckland’s Museum of Transport and Technology, after which she returned to her home in Spain. In 1982 she was bitten by a dog on the island of Majorca. She refused treatment and the wound became infected.[5] She died alone in a hotel on Majorca, from complications from the dog bite.

Batten’s autobiography, My Life, was published by George G. Harrap & Co. Ltd. in 1938 and is now available in full online at the New Zealand Electronic Text Center, part of the Victoria University of Wellington Library. An extended version was printed under the title Alone in the Sky by N.Z. Technical books in 1979.

Because of her striking looks, her glamorous appearance at receptions (she always took a dress with her on her record-breaking flights), and her later reclusive ways, Batten became known as the “Greta Garbo of the skies”. In October 2008 a musical Garbo of the Skies written by Paul Andersen-Gardiner and Rebekah Hornblow had its inaugural performance in Opunake by the Opunake Players at the Lakeside Playhouse. This was based on Ian Mackersey’s biography.

Houses in Macleans College, Howick Intermediate, Westlake Girls High School and Wellington Girls’ College are named after her, as is Batten (Blue) House at Orewa College and in the whanau system of Aorere College in South Auckland. A primary school in Mangere is named after her as are streets in Auckland, Christchurch, Mount Maunganui, Wellington, Wallington and in her birthplace of Rotorua. The historic Jean Batten building on the corner of Fort and Shortland streets in Auckland has been incorporated into the new Bank of New Zealand head office building, and the Auckland Airport International Terminal is named after her. The Percival Gull G-ADPR in which she made the first ever solo trip from England to New Zealand in 1936 and many other record-breaking trips now hangs in the Jean Batten International Terminal.

A bronze sculpture of Batten is located in the main terminal of Rotorua Airport and a small park in the middle of the city is also named after her.

In September 2009, a Qantas 737-800, the first International configuration plane of its type and Qantas’s 75th 737 was named after Batten.

During the 1980’s Britannia operated 737-200 G-BGYL, named Jean Batten. It later crashed in Panama after being sold to COPA.

Major flights

1934 – England – Australia (women’s record) 10,500 miles in 14 days 22 hours 30 minutes, breaking Amy Johnson’s record by over four days.

1935 – Australia – England in 17 days 15 hours. First woman ever to make a return flight.

1935 – England – Brazil: 5000 miles in 61 hours 15 minutes, setting world record for any type of aeroplane. Also fastest crossing South Atlantic Ocean, 13¼ hours, and first woman to make England – South America flight.

1936 – England – New Zealand. World record for any type. 14,224 miles in 11 days 45 minutes total elapsed time, including 2½ days in Sydney.

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